The world is full of infectious diseases. They’re everywhere, from your dog’s mouth to the food you eat and the air you breathe. While some people might get sick for a few days and then bounce back, others have no choice but to be hospitalized or even die from their illness. In this post, we’re going to look at five of the most common street diseases that can make you very ill: cholera, salmonellosis, E. coli, hepatitis A and typhoid fever.
Cholera is a bacterial infection that causes severe, watery diarrhea and can be fatal. It’s caused by the Vibrio cholerae bacteria, which spreads through contaminated water and food. Cholera is not passed from person to person, but instead transmitted through infected food or water.
Symptoms of cholera include:
- Severe diarrhea
- Nausea and vomiting
- Dehydration (caused by extreme loss of body fluid)
Salmonellosis is a foodborne illness caused by the bacteria Salmonella. It can be contracted from eating undercooked meat, eggs, or poultry products; drinking contaminated water; or eating contaminated food. Symptoms of salmonellosis include diarrhea, fever, abdominal cramps and vomiting that last for up to one week.
Infections of this kind are very common in people who live in the U.S., with around 1 million new cases reported each year.
E. coli, or Escherichia coli, is a bacteria that lives in the intestines of humans and animals. It can cause diarrhea, urinary tract infections, respiratory illness and other illnesses. E. coli is spread by eating or drinking contaminated food or water. The most common sources of E. coli infections are undercooked meat and unpasteurized milk products such as cheese and milk (though these are not the only ways to contract it).
Hepatitis A is an infection of the liver caused by a virus called Hepatitis A virus (HAV). It can range from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a severe illness lasting several months. Most people recover completely, but some people can be severely ill for several months.
Symptoms of hepatitis A include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Abdominal pain or discomfort
Infection with HAV happens when the virus enters your mouth or nose and then spreads through your body. You can get infected with HAV by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water, touching objects that have been contaminated with feces (stool) from someone who has the virus, or being in close contact with an infectious person who has not washed their hands properly after using the toilet.
Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection caused by the salmonella typhi bacteria. It’s spread through contaminated food or water, and symptoms include high fever, headache and abdominal pain. Typhoid fever can be treated with antibiotics if caught early enough.
These diseases are nasty and can make you very sick.
Although these diseases are nasty and can make you very sick, they’re not a death sentence. If you do get one of them, it’s important to stay home and away from others until your symptoms go away.
These diseases are transmitted through food, water or other contact with infected individuals. They also can be spread by pets, who pick up germs on their feet and then walk around in places where people eat (like yards).
If you think that you have any of these illnesses, see a doctor immediately so he or she can prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection early on. You should also wash your hands regularly—not just when using public bathroom but after touching animals too!
The streets are a dangerous place. If you want to be safe and healthy, it’s best to avoid them altogether.